Thursday, January 21, 2021

May the best man win in the US elections?

The USA has all geared up for its 59th quadrennial presidential election. The two faces against each other are Republican candidates and the present President Donald Trump and the Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. It has been said over and over that which, every candidate wins the post of  46thPresident will win by a small margin.

When does the US election start?

The Election is scheduled to be on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The day has historic importance as Congress set it back in the year 1845. In the current year, the day is on November 3. The votes will begin to cast few weeks before the set date, as there are a large number of voters cast their vote by means of email or vote early. This year due to the pandemic this category of voters will increase manifold.

When does the election end?

Due to pandemic as there will be large votes polled via mail-in voting the counting is bound to take days or weeks and thus will take time. Usually, the results are declared on the same day.

Who are the voters?

As per the 26th Amendment, a US citizen who is above the age of 18 is eligible to vote. Prisoners from Vermont and Maine can also participate in voting. Puerto Rico residents are US citizens but as it is unincorporated US territory they are not eligible to vote.

Who will be on ballot papers?

Donald Trump and Joe Biden are the two candidates on the ballot papers. Smaller party members are also featured on the ballot paper. The voters will also elect a member of Congress.

What is the process to select the US senators?

Before the 17th Amendment, the senators are elected by the state legislature. But since 1913 the senators are elected by popular vote.

What is the electoral vote and popular vote?

In the 2016 elections, Donald Trump became the president in spite of having secured fewer votes than his competitor Hillary Clinton. However, an American voter casts their ballot for selecting the President. The voting is to elect the electors who will pick the President. The number of electors is 538 and winning a candidate requires 270 votes. Each state has a different number of electors depending on its representation in Congress.

The US election impacts not only the US but also the complete world, and thus all are eagerly waiting for the results and the new President.